Today, Google Doodle celebrates the 160th birth anniversary of Sigmund Freud, who is best known as the father of modern psychology and psychoanalysis. It is the method of resolving mental illness through a dialogue between a doctor and patient.
Doodler Kevin Laughlin created this iceberg showing Freud’s face above the surface of the ocean and rest submerged. The Iceberg maps to Freud’s iceberg model for unconscious, preconscious and conscious. More importantly, the design draws our eye to the horizon, reminding us how the genius of Freud’s practice rests in the space between doctor and patient, reader and text, human and the world.
Sigmund Freud was born on 6 May 1856, lived his life in Vienna before moving to England to escape Nazi forces.
Some facts about Sigmund Freud:
Sigmund Freud was the first of eight children born to his parents.
Freud grew up in Vienna, where he was a brilliant student, learning eight languages. He attended medical school and became a doctor, joining a practice that specialized in “nervous disorders.”
By 1901, Freud had published his book on the interpretation of dreams, the first of many such books.
We have Freud to thank for many concepts that have resonated in popular culture, such as the Oedipus complex wish fulfillment, repression, the unconscious, the ego, libido and the death drive.
We have Freud to thank for roughly 10,000 New Yorker cartoons featuring a psychiatric patient lying on a couch.
Freud counted Shakespeare as one of his great influences, saying that writers and artists intuited many of his concepts long before he did.
Freud and others started a Wednesday discussion circle in Vienna in 1902, which became the International Psychoanalytical Association. By 1911, some of his colleagues such as Alfred Adler and Carl Jung had departed the group and branched out to explore their own theoretical constructs.
In 1938, Freud and his family escaped to England ahead of the Nazi forces.
Freud died around midnight on 23 September 1939.