A look back into History of an Extraordinary Woman: Facts about Jayalalithaa
Tamil Nadu Honourable Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa has expired a few minutes ago on December 5, 2017, a black day for the State of Tamil Nadu. She was fondly called as “Amma” by the people of Tamil Nadu. She was called as “Iron Lady”, who had the guts to handle any situation single-handedly. She was a caring, loving and selfless woman, who didn’t marry and spent her entire life for the welfare of Tamil Nadu and its people.
Interesting Facts About J Jayalalithaa
Born as Komalavali in a Tamil Iyengar Brahmin family on 24 fenruary 1948, Jayalalithaa Jayaraman was called “Ammu” by her family members.
Her grandfather Narasimhan Rengachary served as a surgeon and court physician to Maharaja Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV of Mysore Kingdom.
Her family was Srirangam. Her father was a lawyer. He died when she was 2 years old. She has an elder brother named Jayakumar, who died in 1995.
She did her schooling at Bishop Cotton Girls’ School in Bangalore and Sacred Heart Matriculation School in Chennai. She scored state first in 10th for which she earned Gold State Award.
Jayalalithaa is fluent in several languages, including Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Hindi, Malayalam and English.
She was a well trained dancer, including Bharatanatyam, Mohiniattam, Manipuri and Kathak. She made her debut dance performance (Arangetram) at the Rasika Ranjani Sabha in Mylapore in May 1960.
As her mother was an artist, Jayalalithaa used to go with her mother for shooting and had done small unaccredited roles in few films.
She made her debut in acting in 1964 in a Kannada movie ‘Chinnada Gombe’ for which she as paid Rs. 3000. It was a blockbuster hit in 1964.
Jayalalithaa ambition was to become a lawyer as her father was a lawyer too. However, her fame in films buried her dreams.
She made her Tamil debut in 1965 through ‘Vennira Aadai’ movie. Her Telugu debut was ‘Manushulu Mamathalu’. Interestingly, she paired opposite Akkineni Nageshwara Rao in her debut film as well as her last film in Telugu.
She had worked with all leading actors at that time. She was also a playback singer. She has acted in 125 films as a female lead in Tamil, Telugu, and Kannada.
She entered into politics in 1982. She joined AIADMK founded by MG Ramachandran, who introduced her to politics. She made a maiden speech titled “Pennin Perumai” in the same year.
She became a member of Rajya Sabha in 1984. MGR let her because of her fluency in English.
In 1984 general election, MGR was incapacitated, so she led the campaign and won the elections. After MGR death in 1987, AIADMK split into two factions. One by Janaki Ramachandran, and the other by Jayalalithaa. Janaki assumed the office of Cief Minister, but was called off latter, by implementing presidential rule.
She contested general elections in 1989, as political heir of MGR, and won 27 seats making here the first woman leader of opposition. Later the two factions united and Jayalalithaa became the party leader unanimously.
She became Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu in 1991 and served the state till 1996. She became the first lady and the youngest one to become a Chief Minster. She introduced several schemes, especially giving importance to women.
In 1996 election, she lost and won again in 2001. She became Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu in 2001 for the second time, and in 2011 for the third time and 2016 for the fourth time. The 2016 election was her final election in her life.
In 2014, she was found guilty in an 18-year long disproportionate assets case by a special court in Bangalore. She was sentenced to 4 years and a 100 crore fine. In May 2015, she was set free from the case by the Karnataka High Court on appeal.
In 2016, she won the election without forming allies. In her victory speech, she commented, “Even when 10 parties allied themselves against me, I did not have a coalition and I placed my faith in God and built an alliance with the people. It is clear that the people have faith in me and I have total faith in the people.”
She was ill during the final hearing of her disproportionate assets case in late 2015. In her last election in 2016, Jayalalithaa was not well, who had undergone surgeries. Everything was kept under the warps. Even though, she became Chief Minister in 2016, who as the second CM after MGR to hold the office consecutive terms as Chief Minister.
She was fondly called as “Amma” (mother of Tamil Nadu) by people of Tamil Nadu.
Jayalalithaa’s Last Days
She spent most of her time in home and visited Koda naadu continuously to take rest. She had several health issues that kept her away from meetings, public functions, even she governed the state from home.
On September 22, 2016, Jayalalithaa was admitted to Apollo Hospitals after suffered from fever and dehydration. A few days before she got hospitalized, People of Tamil Nadu saw her face and they haven’t seen her since then. Her internal organs failed and she was put on respiratory support.
It was December 4, 2016 Jayalalithaa suffered a massive cardiac arrest which left the entire state misery. Several AIDAMK cadres and her well-wishers arrived at the hospitals and the hospital premises turned desperation and melancholy.
On December 5, 2016 Doctors at the Apollo Hospitals said her health condition went out of control and the rest is in God’s hand. Tamil Nadu Honourable Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa died on the late evening of December 5, 2016. It’s a black day for the people across the state, as the Iron lady left the world gracefully and her beloved people of Tamil Nadu.